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HTML Tutorial and Image Resources

Chapter 10: Tables

Tables...

Example of a Table...
What are tables used for?
Tables are used to make data easier to interpret or to just give your document more impact.

<table border=4>
<tr>
<th>What are tables used for?</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Tables are used to make data easier to interpret or to just
give your document more impact.</td>
</tr>
</table>

Tables are one of the most challenging things to code with HTML. It isn't very hard, it just takes a while to get the hang of. Tables start with the <table> tag, and usually contain the border=n attribute within the opening tag. If the border=0, than the table's border is invisible. Usually when you do not use the border attribute the table border will become invisible. This is useful when you want to align text in rows and columns, but don't want a table border around it. border=1 is a thin border. border=2 is a little thicker, border=3 a little more thick.. and so on. The table MUST end with a </table> tag, or the table will not appear at all!

Example of tables with borders...
This table has a border of 0.
<table border=0>
<tr>
<td>This table has a border of 0.</td>
</tr>
</table>
This table has a border of 3.
<table border=3>
<tr>
<td>This table has a border of 3.</td>
</tr>
</table>

Each row within the table is defined by the opening <tr> tag and the optional </tr> closing tag. Within each table row are table cells, which are defined by the <td> opening and </td> closing tags. Most table rows contain more than one cell. Many times, you will need a heading for a column of cells of the first row. To do this, you will use the <th> opening and </th> closing tag. The table heading tag makes the text in that cell BOLD and CENTERED. You only need use the heading cells when necessary.

Example of a table with multiple rows and columns...
Heading A Heading B Heading C
Cell A Cell B Cell C
Cell D Cell E Cell F

<table border=2>
<tr>
<th>Heading A</th><th>Heading B</th><th>Heading C</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell A</td><td>Cell B</td><td>Cell C</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell D</td><td>Cell E</td><td>Cell F</td>
</tr>
</tr>
</table>

But what if you want your table to look like the following?

Heading A Heading B Heading C
Cell A & D Cell B Cell C
Cell E Cell F

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